The furniture techniques that have developed based on the concepts of modernism are called modern furniture. The period of modern furniture if from the late 19th century to the present day period. The distinct feature of the modern design is the simplicity that it exhibits. The most important thing that led to the development of modern furniture is the change in attitude of people in viewing the furniture. In the past the furniture chuyên bán nội thất đồ gỗ were considered to be an ornament but in the modern times the function of the furniture is given more importance. The old furniture mostly incorporated some part of the history in them but the modern furnishing displays future and present in them. The modern furniture has evolved from various schools of thought and design such as Bauhaus etc.
Materials Used: Wood was the material that was mainly used in the old school of furniture. In the modern times a variety of materials is used to make furniture. Materials such as steel, plywood and plastics are being used to make furniture. Steel were first to be used among modern furniture materials and then came plywood and at last plastics. Steel furniture were strong but were heavy while plywood and plastic furniture were of light weight and practical.
Mingling of Cultures:
The old furniture was based on the European culture. But the modern furniture is based on the African, Asian and Japanese culture. Among these cultures the effect of Japanese culture was more pronounced. The main reason for Japanese culture to gain importance is the practicality that the Japanese culture offers.
Some Examples of Modern Furniture:
Barcelona chair: This chair was designed by Mies Van Der Rohe and Lilly Reich. It was designed around 1929.this chair was based upon two cultures the roman and the Egyptian culture. This chair was presented by them to the royal family of Spain. This chair is considered to be one of the master pieces of modern furniture history.
Noguchi coffee table:
This table truly combined the cultures of both US and Japan. It was designed by Isamu Noguchi a famous furniture designer. He was a half American and half Japanese. The most striking feature of this table is the simplicity that it exhibits. This table is considered to be one of the most important master pieces of modern furniture history.
Eileen Gray Side Table:
This table was created in 1927 and is considered to be a masterpiece of modern furniture architecture. It was designed by Eileen Gray for her sister. The thing about this table was that it was a height adjustable table. It was basically a bed table and she designed it as her sister liked to have her break fast in the bed. The thing with this table is that it can be used almost any where be it on the terrace, reception, living rooms or in the bedroom. This table is widely remembered for its rational design and practicability.
The furniture which was basically made of wood and of a definite shape and style has evolved over the years into a more practical product. But even now people are trying to create furniture of old culture using modern materials. The thing that has made the modern stand out is their strength, practicality and long lasting nature.